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Equine Anesthesia: Triple Drip

Author(s):  Davidson Gigi S

Issue:  Sep/Oct 2008 - Veterinary Compounding
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Abstract:  Anesthetization of large animals, such as the horse, is a challenge for veterinarians and compounding pharmacists. This article discusses the technique of intravenous anesthesia by using a combination of xylazine and ketamine in the horse for short-term unconsciousness; a combination of xylazine, diazepam, and ketamine for improved sedation and muscle relaxation; and a combination of xylazine, ketamine, and guaifenesin, referred to as Triple Drip, for the maximum 1-hour duration of unconsciousness. Compounding pharmacists that have the facilities and training required to prepare sterile compounds can greatly assist equine surgeons in the treatment of veterinarians’ most challenging patients.

Related Keywords: Gigi S. Davidson, BSPh, DIVCP, FSVHP, formulations, horses, short-term equine anesthesia, xylazine, ketamine, intravenous anesthetics, diazepam, sedation, guaifenesin, triple drip, pain, prevention

Related Categories: FORMULATIONS, PAIN MANAGEMENT, PARENTERALS, VETERINARY, ADVERSE DRUG EVENTS, SURGERY

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