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Physicochemical and Microbiological Stability of Amitriptyline Hydrochloride Oral Liquid Dosage Forms in PCCA Base, SuspendIt

Author(s):  Pramar Yashoda V, Mandal Tarun K, Bostanian Levon A, Kader Cyndy, Morris Tommy C, Graves Richard A

Issue:  Jul/Aug 2022 - Volume 26, Number 4
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Abstract:  Amitriptyline hydrochloride is indicated for the relief of symptoms of depression. A review of the therapeutic uses of amitriptyline hydrochloride reveals the need for flexibility in dosing. This flexibility is readily achieved using an oral liquid dosage form. However, no commercial liquid dosage form of amitriptyline currently exists. Amitriptyline hydrochloride is commercially available only as 10-mg, 25-mg, 50-mg, 75-mg, 100-mg, and 150-mg tablets. An extemporaneously compounded suspension from pure drug powder would provide a flexible, customizable option to meet unique patient needs with convenient and accurate dosing options. The purpose of this study was to determine the physicochemical and microbiological stability of extemporaneously compounded amitriptyline hydrochloride suspensions in PCCA Base, SuspendIt. This base is a sugar-free, paraben-free, dye-free, and gluten-free thixotropic vehicle containing a natural sweetener obtained from the monk fruit. The study design included two amitriptyline hydrochloride concentrations to provide stability documentation over a bracketed concentration range for eventual use by compounding pharmacists. A robust stability- indicating high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for the determination of the chemical stability of amitriptyline hydrochloride in PCCA SuspendIt was developed and validated. Suspensions of amitriptyline hydro- chloride were prepared in PCCA SuspendIt at 1-mg/mL and 5-mg/mL concentrations, selected to represent a range within which the drug is commonly dosed. Samples were stored in amber plastic prescription bottles at two temperature conditions (5°C and 25°C). Samples were assayed initially, and on the following time points (days): 7, 14, 28, 49, 63, 91, 119, and 185. Physical data such as pH, viscosity, and appearance were also noted. Microbiological stability was tested. All measurements were obtained in triplicate. A stable extemporaneous product is defined as one that retains at least 90% of the initial drug concentration throughout the sampling period and is protected against microbial growth. The study showed that amitriptyline hydrochloride concentrations did not go below 99.8% of the label claim (initial drug concentration) at both temperatures studied. No microbial growth was observed. The pH values remained constant. The viscosity of the suspensions allowed easy re-dispersal of the drug particles upon shaking. This study demonstrates that amitriptyline hydrochloride is physically, chemically, and microbiologically stable in PCCA SuspendIt for 185 days in the refrigerator and at room temperature, thus providing a viable, compounded alternative for amitriptyline hydrochloride in a liquid dosage form, with an extended beyond-use date to meet patient needs. 

Related Keywords: Yashoda V. Pramar, PhD, Tarun K. Mandal, PhD, Levon A. Bostanian, PhD, Cyndy Kader, PharmD Student, Tommy C. Morris, PhD, Richard A. Graves, MS, amitriptyline hydrochloride, physical stability, chemical stability, microbial contamination, depression, viscosity, thixotropic indices


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