Bot Detector
Download FREE Sample Issue or Article
Subscribe Today
A subscription to IJPC includes a print copy delivered by postal mail and on-line access to electronic PDF copies of your subscribed issues.

Opioids: A Review of the Pharmacology

Author(s):  Ford Peter R

Issue:  Jan/Feb 2000 - Compounding for Pain Management
View All Articles in Issue

Abstract:  Opium and its derivatives have become the cornerstones of analgesia. However, a staggering number of patients continue to have their pain unrelieved due to a lack of understanding, fear or other factors on behalf of clinicians. In this article, the author focuses on classes of opioid receptors, pain and pain mechanisms (nociceptive pain syndromes, neuropathic pain syndromes), pharmacology of opioid analgesics (morphine, codeine, meperidine and fentanyl) and methadone. He concludes that pain control is an exciting opportunity for pharmacists, and that this is a growing market. A basic understanding of the physiology of pain and the pharmacology of both opioids and nonopioids is essential.

Related Keywords: A fibers, acute pain, addiction, analgesia, C fibers, cancer pain, codeine, constipation, dynorphins, endorphins, enkephalins, fentanyl, meperidine, methadone, morphine, neuropathic pain syndromes, NMDA receptors, nociceptive pain syndrome, opioid agonists, opioid receptors, opioids, opium, pain, pharmacology, poppy

Related Categories: PAIN MANAGEMENT

Printer-Friendly Version

Download in electronic PDF format for $65

Related Articles from IJPC
Title (Click for Abstract / Details) Author Issue Page View/Buy
Opioids: A Review of the Pharmacology Ford Peter R Jan/Feb 2000 17-20 Buy
Compounded Analgesic Therapy for Disorders of Movement: Arthritis, Neuropathic Pain, and Postpolio Syndrome Brown Scott, Erickson Brian, Muller George, Bryant-Snure Susan J, Mestayer Richard F III May/Jun 2010 182-192 Buy
Compounded Pain Formulations: What is the Evidence? Asbill Scott, Sweitzer Sarah M, Spigener Shuler, Romero-Sandoval Alfonso Jul/Aug 2014 278-286 Buy
Clinical Nuggets and Pearls: Chronic Neuropathic Pain and Opioid Tolerance Jones Marty Jan/Feb 2002 4-6 Buy
PostScription: Treatment of Chronic Pain with Methadone or Levorphanol McNulty Jack P Mar/Apr 2006 159-160 Buy
Topical Medications for Orofacial Neuropathic Pain Bramwell Bethany L May/Jun 2010 200-203 Buy
Low-Dose Naltrexone: A New Therapy Option for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I Patients Sturn Kayla M, Collin Michael May/Jun 2016 197-201 Buy
Chronic Neuropathic Pain: Pharmacological Interventions in New Millennium Jones Marty Jan/Feb 2000 6-15 Buy
Update on Managing Neuropathic Pain McNulty Jack P, Muller George May/Jun 2009 182-190 Buy
Efficacy and Clinical Value of Commonly Used Ingredients in Pain Management Compounds: A Literature Review Beshay Sarah M, Rivera Gerard, Balthasar Jan, Florea Naomi Jul/Aug 2015 295-300 Buy
Particle Measuring Systems - USP <797> Environmental Monitoring Solutions