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Efficacy and Clinical Value of Commonly Used Ingredients in Pain Management Compounds: A Literature Review

Author(s):  Beshay Sarah M, Rivera Gerard, Balthasar Jan, Florea Naomi

Issue:  Jul/Aug 2015 - Volume 19, Number 4
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Abstract:  The need for continued improvement in pain management is growing. This review is aimed towards identifying the literature regarding clinical and therapeutic value of the commonly used ingredients in pain management compounds: lidocaine, tetracaine, ketoprofen, ketamine, and gabapentin. Prospectively, future studies should be conducted to identify the exact benefits and side effects of compounded pain management therapies, such that these compounds can be effectively utilized when deemed appropriate.

Related Keywords: Sarah M. Beshay, PharmD, Gerard Rivera, PharmD, Jan Balthasar, PharmD, Naomi Florea, PharmD, chronic pain, pain control, analgesia, analgesic, pain relief, lidocaine, tetracaine, ketoprofen, ketamine, gabapentin, pain management compounds, drug combinations, literature review, side effects, adverse effects, comparative analysis, efficacy, drug safety, clinical value, topical preparations, transdermal administration, dermal permeation, skin penetration, storage, anesthetics, nerve conduction blockers, EMLA cream, eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, NSAIDs, inflammation, cyclooxygenase inhibition, noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, opioid, NMDA inhibitor, neuropathic pain, GABA receptor modulator


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