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Topical Treatment of Primary Focal Hyperhidrosis, Part 1

Author(s):  Zur Eyal

Issue:  Jan/Feb 2019 - Volume 23, Number 1
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Abstract:  Primary focal hyperhidrosis is idiopathic, localized, uncontrollable, excessive, and unpredictable sweating beyond what is necessary to regulate body temperature. Primary hyperhidrosis is thought to affect approximately 2% to 3% of the population, and its effect on a patient's quality of life is very significant. Primary focal hyperhidrosis can be managed using various therapeutic options, including drugs (topical and systemic), nonsurgical interventions (e.g., iontophoresis, botulinum toxin injections), and surgery. This article, which is presented in 2 parts, is a comprehensive review of the topical, evidence-based treatments of primary focal hyperhidrosis, and it covers the following active pharmaceutical ingredients: aluminum salts, methenamine, glycopyrronium salts, oxybutynin chloride; the latter 2 ingredients will be discussed in part 2 of this article. This article discusses the evidence-based data that exists from clinical trials that support the use of topical medications to treat the pathology from efficacy and from a safety point of view. This review also discusses compounding considerations for professionally and safely compounding various topical preparations. In addition, a range of relevant formulas are attached to the article and can be used by compounding pharmacists.

Related Keywords: Eyal Zur, BSc Pharm, RPh, MBA, excessive sweating, perspiration, exocrine sweat glands, patient quality of life, anticholinergic agents, iontophoresis, topical preparations, formulations, antiperspirants, aluminum salts, drug safety, aluminum chloride hexahydrate, salicylic acid, contact dermatitis, methenamine hippurate, deodorants


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