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Transdermal Administration of Anti-inflammatory Medications in Sports Injuries: Use of Iontophoresis and Phonophoresis to Enhance Delivery

Author(s):  Heim Bob

Issue:  Jan/Feb 2006 - Sports Medicine
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Abstract:  Transdermal delivery of anti-inflammatory medications, both nonsteroidal and corticosteroids, has enjoyed at least a decade of success in Canada and the US. Iontophoresis and phonophoresis offer substantial benefits for the transdermal delivery of these medications and can be valuable additions to existing treatment modalities for minor sports-related injuries. Included with this article is historical and explanatory information about iontophoresis and phonophoresis, as well as formulations and case reports related to the treatment of sports-related injuries. The article emphasizes the importance of a compounding pharmacist’s involvement in developing a successful treatment plan.

Related Keywords: Bob Heim, BSc Pharm, sports injuries, musculoskeletal injury, athletes, pain control, pain relief, analgesia, analgesic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, transdermal administration, iontophoresis, phonophoresis, topical preparation


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